Trees Over Underflow

I have planted fruit trees near the creek, where they do not have to be

irrigated as the ground there holds sufficient moisture for them, but a

neighbor tells me that on account of the moisture being so near the

surface the trees will not bear fruit well, although they will grow and

have all the appearances of health.

Shallow soil above standing water is not good for fruit trees. A shallow

soil over moving water or underflow, such as you might expect from a

creek bank, is better. The effect of water near the surface depends also

upon the character of the soil, being far more dangerous in the case of

a heavy clay soil than in the case of a light loam, through which water

moves more readily and does not rise so far or so rapidly by capillary

action. If the trees are thrifty they will bear when they attain a

sufficient age and stop the riotous growth which is characteristic of

young trees with abundant moisture. If trees have too much water for

their health, it will be manifested by the rotting of their roots, the

dying of their branches, the cropping out of mushroom fungi at the base

and other manifestations of distress. So long as the tree is growing

well, maintains good foliage to the tip of the branches and is otherwise

apparently strong, it may be expected to bear fruit in due time.

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