When grass is wanted for hay as well as fertility, the

clovers and timothy compose the greater part of a desirable mixture

wherever the clovers and timothy thrive. Probably this condition always

will continue. The clovers are needed to supply nitrogen to the soil

and to put protein into the hay for livestock. They give way, in large

part, or entirely, the second year. Alsike is more nearly perennial

than the red which practically lasts only through its second season,

when its seed crop has been made, and its function performed. The sod

is chiefly timothy in the second season. A little red-top is desirable,

and the percentage should be heaviest for quite wet land or very dry

land. When fertility is the first consideration, and the sod is left

only two or three years, the following mixture is good, and is for one


Red clover 10 pounds

Alsike 2 pounds

Timothy 8 pounds

Red-top 2 pounds

When a mixed hay is wanted the first year, the following mixture may be

found better for the purpose:

Red clover 6 pounds

Alsike 2 pounds

Timothy 12 pounds

Red-top 2 pounds

Mammoth clover seed may be substituted for the red without change in

number of pounds.

The amount of timothy and red-top in the second mixture suggested calls

for a liberal supply of plant-food, and this is true of any heavy grass

mixture. If fertility is not present, the seeding of grass should be

lighter, but the clover should not be less in amount for a thin soil

than for a good one. The question of fertilizers is discussed in

Chapter XX.

Seed-ends Of Potatoes Seed-mixtures facebooktwittergoogle_plusredditpinterestlinkedinmail