Budding





If, instead of an apple tree, you were raising a plum or a peach tree, a

form of propagation known as _budding_ would be better than grafting.

Occasionally budding is also employed for apples, pears, cherries,

oranges, and lemons. Budding is done in the following manner. A single

bud is cut from the scion and is then inserted under the bark of a

one-year-old peach seedling, so that the cambium of the bud and stock

may grow together.









Cut scions of the kind of fruit tree you desire from a one-year-old twig

of the same variety. Wrap them in a clean, moist cloth until you are

ready to use them. Just before using cut the bud from the scion, as

shown in Fig. 69. This bud is now ready to be inserted on the north side

of the stock, just two or three inches above the ground. The north side

is selected to avoid the sun. Now, as shown at _a_ in Fig. 70, make a

cross and an up-and-down incision, or cut, on the stock; pull the bark

back carefully, as shown in _B_; insert the bud _C_, as shown in _D_;

then fold the bark back and wrap with yarn or raffia, as shown in _E_.

As soon as the bud and branches have united, remove the wrapping to

prevent its cutting the bark and cut the tree back close to the bud, as

in Fig. 71, so as to force nourishment into the inserted bud.




Sloping line shows where to cut tree]



Budding is done in the field without disturbing the tree as it stands in

the ground. The best time to do budding is during the summer or fall

months, when the bark is loose enough to allow the buds to be easily

inserted.



Trees may be budded or grafted on one another only when they are nearly

related. Thus the apple, crab-apple, hawthorn, and quince are all

related closely enough to graft or bud on one another; the pear grows on

some hawthorns, but not well on an apple; some chestnuts will unite with

some kinds of oaks.




Lines show where to trim]



By using any of these methods you can succeed in getting with certainty

the kind of tree that you desire.





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